Effects of Traditional Indian Dance on Motor Skills and Balance in Children with Down syndrome

Manasa Kolibylu Raghupathy, Mohan Divya, Suruliraj Karthikbabu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of the study was to examine the effects of traditional Indian dances like Bharatanatyam, Kuchipudi and Kathak on motor skills and balance in children with Down syndrome compared to neuromuscular training. In this randomised double-arm design, 36 children with Down syndrome aged 6–10 years and with a score of <5 in Beighton’s hypermobility test participated in either Indian classical dance (n = 18) or neuromuscular training (n = 18). Both the groups practised an hour-long session a day, three days a week for six weeks in six special-schools. Test of Gross Motor Development–2 (TGMD–2), Four Square Step Test (FSST) and paediatric balance scale were the outcome measures. After six weeks of training, there is a significant group difference of change score in the Gross Motor Quotient standard score of TGMD-2 [experimental: 30.47 vs. control: 11.1], locomotor subset of TGMD-2 [experimental: 11.1 vs. control: 4.35] and FSST [experimental: 4.29 vs. control: 2.41], but not in the paediatric balance scale [experimental: 3.59 vs. control: 3.76]. The traditional Indian dance substantially improved the locomotor skills of children with Down syndrome than that of neuromuscular exercises. Both the dance and neuromuscular training equally impacted the balance capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212 - 221
JournalJournal of Motor Behavior
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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