Electrochemical investigation of Fe3O4/TNT/PANI composites for enhanced supercapacitor applications

S. Chetana, Halligudra Guddappa, Vikas N. Thakur, Niraj Kumar, Naveen Chandra Joshi, Vinuth Mirle, Manjunath Shetty

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1 Citation (Scopus)


In this study, a hydrothermal method was employed to fabricate a composite incorporating iron oxide (Fe3O4), titanium dioxide nano tubes (TNT), and polyaniline (PANI). An extensive structural examination of the synthesized composite was carried out using Scanning Electron Microscopy along with elemental mapping, and spectroscopic techniques such as Fourier-transform infrared and X-ray diffraction. Galvanostatic charge/discharge and cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurements were conducted to assess the electrochemical properties of the synthesized materials including Fe3O4, Fe3O4/TNT (FT), and Fe3O4/TNT/PANI (FTP). These findings indicate that the incorporation of FT and PANI results in an increase in specific capacitance, transitioning from Fe3O4, TNTs, and FT to the conductive polymer composite FTP. Currently, efforts are directed towards further developing the FTP device for potential use in supercapacitors. The CV analysis demonstrates that specific capacitance elevates with potential across various potential windows. Specific capacitance of FTP obtained to be 542 Fg−1 at 2 mA. Although capacitance retention improves gradually over few cycles, it has not yet achieved the optimal stability required for supercapacitor applications. Future research will focus primarily on enhancing the stability and overall performance of the composite materials developed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number595
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 03-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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