Elemental Composition of Betel Leaves Using a Novel Optical Spectroscopic Technique

Kripa Adlene Edith A, Ravikiran Ongole, Unnikrishnan V K, Adarsh U K, Nagaraja N R

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: Assess trace elements in betel leaves and slaked lime from different regions of Karnataka, India using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). MATERIALS AND METHOD: Betel leaves from six different regions of Karnataka were obtained and named (for the purpose of the study) BL1, BL2, BL3, BL4, BL5, and BL6 and they were sun-dried. A single tube of slaked lime was obtained from the local 'paan' shop. Each dried leaf and a single blob of slaked lime was subjected to elemental analysis using Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. RESULTS: A ten-trial experiment was carried out in all six leaves and a blob of the slaked lime. The National Institute of Standards and Design (NIST) database was used to assess the emission lines. The elements that were predominantly present in all six betel leaves from different regions of Karnataka are calcium, copper, and iron. Slaked lime showed only the presence of calcium. CONCLUSION: It is widely accepted that the consumption of betel quid causes various changes in the oral mucosa including oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) and oral cancer. It is important to analyze each component of betel quid to understand the disease progression. Copper is found to be relatively higher in betel leaves, and it is known that the role of copper-induced fibrogenesis using the lysyl oxidase pathway in OPMDs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3685-3688
Number of pages4
JournalAsian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 01-11-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cancer Research


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