Employee relations in micro, small and medium enterprises in india

Mithun S. Ullal, Iqbal Thonse Hawaldar, Vishal Samartha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This research article looks at all the facets of employee relations over the years and its impact on firm’s productivity. The paper investigates literature on employee relations along with case studies and other related articles. It identifies positioning of consultations, collective bargaining and representational aspects of employee relations. The article finds that employee relations is different from what it was a decade ago. Trade unions in India have fallen on the wayside as companies prefer bargaining based on competition rather than negotiation, consultations and collective bargaining with unions. The changes in employee relations has mainly due to reference being the enterprise over industry. The rise of Micro, Small and Medium enterprises in Indian Tier-3 cities has given rise to importance shifting towards collective interests of employers in these organisations. This has resulted in employee relations becoming more relative to employers than employees in the last decade.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-121
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Scientific and Technology Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Development
  • Engineering(all)
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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