Environmental Assessment of Rural Road Construction in India

Yash Aryan, Anil Kumar Dikshit, Amar Mohan Shinde

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


Construction of road pavement consumes significant quantities of raw materials and energy and involves use of heavy machineries. In India, total length of road network is 6.38 million km, out of which highest share (71%) is that of the rural roads. The main aim of this chapter is to present the development of detailed life cycle inventory for material phase and construction phase of rural road pavement, followed by evaluation of their environmental impacts. The scope of the study included the raw material extraction, the transportation of raw materials to the site and the construction of rural road using heavy machineries for a typical rural road section in Bihar, India, using GaBi software version 10.5. Maintenance and end-of-life phases were beyond the scope. The functional unit adopted was 1 km of road pavement constructed. A total of seven impact categories were considered. The pavement was constructed in three layers viz. granular sub-base layer, water-bound macadam layer and top bituminous layer. It was found that the granular sub-base layer construction had the highest contribution towards the impact on environment for all impact categories due to the high consumption of aggerates.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Series in Operations Research and Management Science
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Publication series

NameInternational Series in Operations Research and Management Science
ISSN (Print)0884-8289
ISSN (Electronic)2214-7934

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Applied Mathematics


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