Establishment of Glyoxalase I gene transformation and regeneration of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

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Aim: The current study was carried out to develop transgenic cotton plantlets with glyoxalase I (gly I) gene using Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Methodology: Seeds of cotton were inoculated on MS medium and the explants such as shoot tip (3-5 mm), hypocotyl a n d l e a f w e r e aseptically removed from in vitro plantlets. The pre-cultured and infected explants with Agrobacterium harboring gly I gene and the shoot tip were inoculated on MS mediaforshoot initiation and subculturedon elongation medium with growth hormones, and antibiotics. Healthy and well-grown shoots were subcultured on medium with indole butyric acid (IBA) (0.3 mgl-1) for root formation and the plantlets were hardened in plastic cups with sterile soil. The putative transgenic plantlets were analyzed histochemically for gus gene and the PCR analysis was performed for gly 1 gene. Results: The transformation efficiency of cotton ranged 48.57 to 64.53 %. The regenerated plantlets showed the presence of gus gene in terms of blue coloration in shoots, whole leaf and leaf segments. The PCR was performed in putative transgenic plant lets with both gus gene as well as gly I gene primers. The PCR results showed the presence of 1031 bp DNA band with gus gene primers and 800 bp DNA band with the gly I gene primers. Interpretation: The current study has proven the reproducible procedure for the Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer and regeneration of Indian cotton varieties. The PCR results revealed the presence of glyoxalase I gene in the transformants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-210
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Environmental Biology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 03-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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