BACKGROUND: Pediatric population is more sensitive to the effects of radiation than adults. Establishing diagnostic reference level (DRL) is an efficient dose optimization technique implemented by many countries for reducing radiation dose during Computed Tomography (CT) examinations. OBJECTIVES: To estimate radiation dose and establish a new local diagnostic reference level for CT head examination in the pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively recruited 143 pediatric patients referred for CT head examination with age ranging from 0-5 years old. All patients had undergone CT head examination using the standard pediatric head protocol. Volumetric CT dose index (CTDIvol) and dose length product (DLP) were recorded. The effective dose was first calculated. Then, 75th percentile of dose indices was calculated to establish DRLs. RESULTS: DRLs in terms of CTDIvol and DLP are 23.84 mGy, 555.99 mGy.cm for patients <1 years old and 28.65 mGy, 794.99 mGy.cm for patients from 1-5 years old, respectively. Mean effective doses for <1 years old patients and 1-5 years old patients are 2.91 mSv and 2.78 mSv respectively. CONCLUSION: The study concludes that DRL in terms of CTDIvol is lower but DRL in terms of DLP and the effective dose is higher compared to a few other studies which necessitate the need for dose optimization.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of X-Ray Science and Technology|
|Publication status||Published - 28-06-2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering