Although the over 60 years age population constitutes approximately 8% of the total population, 30% of total medication is prescribed for this age group. Chronic diseases and polypharmacy in the elderly population increase the risk of inappropriate drug use. Some physicians prescribe medications without reviewing other supplements and medications used by the elder patient. This polypharmacy results in many adverse drug interactions and reactions. The purpose of this study was to identify older patients who were prescribed inappropriate drugs, according to START/STOPP criteria. To estimate the prevalence of inappropriate prescriptions amongst the elderly residing in an urban slum under the field practice area of Urban Health and Training Center (UHTC) of a tertiary medical college; to assess polypharmacy and morbidity pattern in these elderly. A cross-sectional study was conducted among the elderly, aged 65 years and above, residing in an urban slum under the field practice area of a tertiary medical college. A total of 215 elderly were chosen from the study area by simple random sampling. Data regarding socio-demographic profile and medication usage was collected using a pre-tested semistructured questionnaire through individual interview. START/STOPP criteria were used to identify potentially inappropriate prescriptions. The prevalence of PIPs was 43.3% and of PIOs was 20.9%. Polypharmacy was found in 36.7% of elderly population. Mean number of medications used by the study population was 6.19±2.43 (range was 1-10). The most common morbidity present in the study population was Arthritis in 34.9% followed by hypertension in 13% (28) of elderly. The faulty prescription commissions and omissions have created a significant issue of polypharmacy. This study only provides a baseline data about inappropriate prescriptions and polypharmacy. A multi-pronged approach, involving healthcare workers and policy makers is required to address this issue to optimize the elderly pharmacotherapy and thus health care.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Georgian medical news|
|Publication status||Published - 01-03-2022|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes