Purpose: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may induce micro-vascular and macro-vascular changes that can lead to neuropathic changes which may affect the auditory pathway resulting in hearing loss. The study aims to evaluate the outcome of ipsilateral and contralateral acoustic reflex (AR) parameters and reflex decay tests (RDT) in patients with T2DM, and the relationship between average AR parameters, and duration and control of T2DM. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care setup in 126 subjects which included 42 subjects with T2DM between 30 and 60 years of age, age-matched with 84 non-diabetic subjects. The subjects were evaluated for pure tone average (PTA), speech identification score (SIS), AR parameters [acoustic reflex threshold (ART), acoustic reflex amplitude (ARA), acoustic reflex latency (ARL)] and RDT. Results: The subjects with T2DM showed increased PTA in both ears when compared to the subjects with no disease. No significant difference was found in the SIS between both groups. There was no significant difference in the ART and ARL between the two groups. There was a significant difference in the ipsilateral and contralateral ARA at 500 Hz, 1000 Hz and broadband noise (BBN) when compared between the diabetic and non-diabetic groups. No significant difference was found between average AR parameters and duration and control of T2DM. Conclusion: T2DM increases hearing thresholds and reduces ipsilateral and contralateral AR at lower frequencies and BBN. Duration and control of T2DM do not affect the AR parameters.
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