Experimental analysis of scour under circular pier

Ashish Malik, S. K. Singh, Mohit Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


For economical design, scour around the bridge piers is required to be controlled. In the present study, an attempt has been made to minimize scour depth by placing a triangular prism on the downstream side of a circular pier (35 mm dia) with one of its noses facing the direction of flow and other facing opposite to the direction of flow. Three different bed samples collected from Ghaggar, Patialki-Rao and the Kotla super-passage have been placed in a rectangular flume. Discharge values were varied from 0.0015 to 0.0186 m3/sec. Results are compared for observed scour-depth for upstream (U/S) and downstream (D/S) piers with and without protection. Arrangement with a triangular prism of 2.5 times the diameter of the circular pier in the upstream direction of the flow is very effective in reducing scour depth. Further, it is possible to reduce the scour depth with an average efficiency of 65% for Ghaggar, 56% for Patialaki-Rao and 64% for the Kotla super-passage with respect to the circular pier. The comparison of observed values of scour-depth with computed values of Lacey's scour-depth was underestimated with a maximum of ±70%. Hence, a new site-specific relationship between scour depth, discharge intensity and silt factor has been proposed. Validation of the new proposed relationship with observed data is in a good agreement ±20%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)422-430
Number of pages9
JournalWater Science and Technology: Water Supply
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-02-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology


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