Exploring the regulatory interactions between mutated genes and homeobox genes in the head and neck cancer progression

Kanaka Sai Ram Padam, Sanjiban Chakrabarty, Keith D. Hunter, Raghu Radhakrishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Understanding the regulatory role of homeobox (HOX) and mutated genes in the progression of head and neck cancers is essential, although their interaction remains elusive. This study aims to decipher the critical regulation of mutation driven effects on homeobox genes to enhance our understanding of head and neck cancer progression. Methods: Genomic mutation data from The Cancer Genome Atlas-Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma were analyzed using VarScan2 for somatic variant detection. Mutational clustering, driver mutation identification, and cancer signaling pathway analysis were performed using the OncodriveCLUST method. Harmonizome datasets were retrieved to identify critical cancer driver genes affecting HOX genes. The effects of HPV infection on HOX and mutated genes were assessed using the oncoviral database. Altered pathway activity due to the effects of cancer drivers on HOX genes was analyzed with Gene Set Cancer Analysis. Functional enrichment analysis of gene ontology biological processes and molecular functions was conducted using the ClusterProfiler R package. Results: Significant alterations in HOX genes were observed in head and neck cancer cohorts with mutated TP53, FAT1, and CDKN2A. HOX genes were identified as functionally downstream targets of TP53, signifying transcriptionally mediated regulation. The interaction between HOX genes and mutated TP53, FAT1, and CDKN2A dysregulated the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, cell cycle, and apoptosis pathways in head and neck cancer progression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105872
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Volume159
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • General Dentistry
  • Cell Biology

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