Fabrication, characterization and investigation of flexible light weight nylon-6 based silicon rubber composites for radiation attenuation

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Abstract

Lead, the conventional choice for wearable radiation shielding, faces growing health and occupational concerns. This prompts the search for a lighter, more flexible alternative. Nylon 6, prized for its mechanical prowess, emerges as a reinforcement in wearable composites. This study focuses on creating silicon rubber composites using Nylon 6 reinforcement and varying proportions of Bismuth oxide and aluminium fillers. Mechanical Parameters such as Tensile strength and Elongation at break, are studied and the quality of fabrication is assessed using a Scanning Electron Microscope. Studies on various combinations of nylon 6-based silicon rubber with varying percentages of bismuth oxide and aluminium fillers have been studied and radiation parameters have been assessed. TSN-4 (60% wt. bismuth oxide along with 50% wt. aluminium powder) showed the highest tensile strength of 25.13 MPa having 79.3% of elongation at break followed by TSN-1 & TSN-3. The results reveal good mechanical properties as well as satisfactory radiation attenuation properties. The combination of Nylon 6-based with 60% wt. bismuth oxide along with 50% wt. aluminium powder (TSN4) was considered optimal for the energy range from 140 keV to 511 keV with HVL of 2.06 cm, TVL 6.86 cm, and MAC of 0.093 gm/cm2 and also bearing good mechanical properties. Further, the fabricated samples can be compared with the Monte Carlo Simulation method for further improvements in the fabricated composites. The produced composites have the potential to be used as lead-free protective wearables and wearing devices in nuclear medicine following further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111676
JournalRadiation Physics and Chemistry
Volume220
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation

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