Facile synthesis and luminescence studies of nanocrystalline red emitting Cr: ZnAl2O4 phosphor

Samvit G. Menon, Deepak N. Hebbar, Suresh D. Kulkarni, K. S. Choudhari, C. Santhosh

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49 Citations (Scopus)


A simple co-precipitation synthesis of Cr:ZnAl2O4 nanoparticles is reported for the first time. The materials were characterized by XRD, FE-SEM, HR-TEM, FT-IR, Diffuse reflectance and Photoluminescence spectroscopy. Annealing increased the transparency and material colour changed from green (500 °C) to pink (1200 °C) owing to the diffusion of Cr3+ into the ZnAl2O4 matrix. The intensity of two broad bands (540 nm, 400 nm) in the excitation spectra increased with annealing temperature. The asymmetric band at 400 nm comprised of two bands attributed to the trigonal distortion. Cr3+ emissions obtained, comprised of a zero phonon line (R line) and multi phonon side bands on either side. Higher Dq/B (2.96), confirmed Cr3+ ions in a strong crystal field and thus the photoluminescence emission could be associated with spin-parity forbidden transitions. Photoluminescence lifetimes ranged from 20 to 30 ms for samples annealed at higher temperatures. The reported work can be extended to other phosphors for bioimaging, waveguides and sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-71
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Publication statusPublished - 01-02-2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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