Factors Affecting and Promoting Health-related Quality of Life in Patients With Liver Cirrhosis: An Underestimated Domain in Patient Care

Siddheesh Rajpurohit, Balaji Musunuri, Pooja B. Mohan, Ganesh Bhat, Shiran Shetty

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cirrhosis patients have poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL). To enhance medical care and therapeutic approaches, it is crucial to identify factors that alter HRQoL in patients with cirrhosis. The present study aims to identify the potential factors affecting and promoting HRQoL in patients with liver cirrhosis. Four databases were extensively searched, including PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Google Scholar. All original articles with liver cirrhosis and factor-altering HRQoL were included. The present study showed that elderly age, female gender, low family income, low body mass index (BMI), presence of anxiety and depression, presence of cirrhosis complications including ascites, hepatic encephalopathy (HE), and abnormal endoscopic findings, high disease severity score, presence of sarcopenia, disturbed sleep pattern, muscle cramps, poor sexual health, and increased levels of bilirubin, prothrombin time, and albumin-bilirubin ratio were the significant factors associated with lower HRQoL scores. Meanwhile, physical exercise, liver transplant, stem cell therapy, mindfulness, and the use of probiotics, rifaximin, and lactulose were associated with increased HRQoL scores. The present study recommends more prospective or randomized control trials with interventions including health education, yoga, psychotherapy, and other potential factors promoting HRQoL in patients with liver cirrhosis. The present study also emphasizes that the treating physician should consider taking HRQoL into account when prescribing medical therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101264
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology

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