Factors Influencing Quality of Life among People Living with HIV in Coastal South India

Banagi Yathiraj Arjun, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, John T. Ramapuram, Rekha Thapar, Prasanna Mithra, Nithin Kumar, Deepak Madi, Vaman Kulkarni, Ramesh Holla, Bhagawan Darshan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has increased life expectancy of HIV/AIDS patients, but the quality of life (QOL) still remains the same. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 356 people living with HIV (PLHIV) were interviewed to assess their QOL using WHOQOL-HIV BREF questionnaire. The association between QOL with sociodemographic, clinical and cohabitation status of the participants was tested using ANOVA and Student t-test, and p value <.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Physical domain of QOL showed maximum score of 16.4, while a minimum score of 12.2 was seen in social relationship domain. Participants with higher socioeconomic status (SES) and self-motivated to take ART had shown better scores across all the domains of QOL (p <.05). Conclusion: In our study, quality of life was high among males, younger patients, married participants, higher socioeconomic status, longer duration of ART, self-motivation to take ART, absence of opportunistic infection, and with higher CD4 count.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-253
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases


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