Pedicle screw placement for vertebral fixation is a complicated surgery for orthopaedic surgeons. The main challenge is to estimate the accurate trajectory's position to minimize post-operative complications related to pedicle screw placement. Different types of 3D to 2D registration techniques have been employed to avoid the misplacement of the screw during the surgery. However, these techniques cannot be applied directly to MR to X-ray registration due to differences in image intensity and tissue non-correspondence. To overcome these limitations, feature-based 3D to 2D registration technique was developed to map a trajectory position in the intra-operative X-ray image on to the pre-operative MR image. The registration framework validated by generating projection images that perfectly matched simulated X-ray images, then back-projecting the trajectory position on the pre-operative MR image using the estimated transformation parameters. The accuracy of the registered trajectory evaluated by measuring the displacement and directional errors between the registered and planned trajectory. The proposed method successfully registered the trajectory position in the simulated X-ray to pre-operative MR to estimate the trajectory position. A number of experiments are performed on the simulated dataset to assess the effectiveness of the proposed method. The Euclidean distance between the entry and end points and the directional error of the registered trajectory from the planned trajectory were below 1mm in AP, Lateral, and a combination of both planes. The mean trajectory length difference between the planned and registered trajectory was less than 1mm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science(all)
- Materials Science(all)