Purpose: Discover the associations of force of applanation on the eye with the plunging depth of the cornea and quantify them. The results will be utilized as the feedback parameter in the new prototype development of eye care instruments as additional force may damage the internal structure of the eye or may result in erroneous output. Method: A finite element-based eye model is designed utilizing the actual dimensions of the human eye. A standardized tonometer is designed and the simulation is carried out at predetermined deformation of the cornea to find the force of applanation on the cornea during tonometry. Adding on, the influence of IOP during tonometry is analyzed for a range of plunging depths of the cornea. Results: The graphical results inferred the linear relation between the force of applanation with the deformation of the cornea and the results are quantified. The resulting deformation and stress plot of FEM based simulation approach is analyzed and observations regarding deformations and stress are made. Conclusion: The human eye is successfully developed and also computed force on the cornea during tonometry is validated. The inference drawn from the deformation plot and stress plot is that the junction of cornea–sclera along with cornea-tonometer periphery undergo maximum deformation and experiences the highest stress compared to other areas of the eye while during tonometry.
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