Fostering critical thinking and collaborative learning skills among medical students through a research protocol writing activity in the curriculum

Soumendra Sahoo, Ciraj Ali Mohammed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This intervention was aimed to analyse the effect of academic writing and journal critiquing as educational approaches in improving critical thinking and collaborative learning among undergraduate medical students. Methods: A research proposal writing format was created for the 4th year medical students of Melaka Manipal Medical College, Malaysia during their ophthalmology clinical postings. The students worked in small groups and developed research protocols through an evidence based approach. This was followed by writing reflective summaries in academic portfolios about the activity undertaken. A mixed methods study was designed to explore the possible role of collaborative research proposal writing in enhancing critical thinking and collaborative learning. Results: Analysis of reflections submitted by 188 medical students after the intervention indicate that majority of them found an improvement in their skills of critical thinking and collaborative learning as a result of research protocol writing. All participants agreed that the model helped in applying concepts to new situations in the form of designing their own study, which reflected in enhanced higher order cognitive skills. Conclusion: This study shows that the introduction of a structured module in the core medical curriculum that focuses on research writing skills embedded with collaborative and reflective practices can enhance collaborative learning, critical thinking, and reasoning among medical students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-118
Number of pages10
JournalKorean journal of medical education
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education

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