Fragile Xsyndrome is the most common cause of inherited intellectual disability caused due to a mutation in fragile X mental retardation 1 gene on the X chromosome. The clinicalfeatures of fragile X syndrome in affected males include severe intellectual disability, peculiar facial features, joint hypermobility, macroorchidism, seizures and neuropsychiatric abnormalities. Females with fragile X syndrome have milder intellectual disability and cognitive abnormalities because of one normal copy of the gene on X chromosome. Molecular diagnosis of this condition is possible by southern blot or triplet primed polymerase chain reaction and is essential for providing genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis. This article is a brief review on clinical features, molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling issues in fragile X syndrome in pediatric practice.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Indian Journal of Practical Pediatrics|
|Publication status||Published - 01-01-2019|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health