Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of melioidosis. Various tools have been used to determine the genetic diversity in B. pseudomallei isolates. In this study, Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD)—PCR and flagellin gene (fliC) based PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) were used to genotype Indian clinical B. pseudomallei isolates. A total of 89 clinical isolates could be grouped in 6 groups (A through F) by RAPD-PCR analysis. Some of the isolates in various groups had identical banding pattern suggesting them to be epidemiologically related. The RAPD groups also correlated with MLST sequence types suggesting the utility of this easy to do typing method. The PCR- RFLP analysis suggested Type III to be the predominant type which is different from other RFLP types reported from Southeast Asia. In conclusion, the results of this study show that RAPD-PCR, a simple genotyping method, may be used for analyzing the B. pseudomallei isolates and also establish epidemiological relevant relatedness among them. The results of fliC PCR–RFLP further suggest the Indian isolates are different from other Southeast Asian isolates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology