In India, end-stage renal disease (ESRD) complications have attained pervasive dimensions, and it is estimated that rates of illness will continue to increase in the future. When both kidneys are failing, it is like being sentenced to death and lifetime hemodialysis (HD) is the only possible solution. Hardly 10% of sufferers from ESRD throughout India are obtaining HD because of the difficulties encountered. The ESRD catastrophe in the young generation of working professionals is a huge socio-economical concern. End-stage renal failure is a result of various non-contagious ailments. As per the worldwide incidence of illness, chronic renal impairment was the ninth greatest standard trigger of the disease in India. Annually in India, encounter about 2.2 lakhs new patients with kidney disorders. The main impediments in obtaining proper therapy inter alia are enormous costs in corporate hospitals, facilities for the treatment in metro cities, a confined number of Nephrologists, etc. Approximately 4950 hemodialysis hubs are located under corporate stakeholders in India. Every single hemodialysis costs approx. INR 2000, which when calculated costs about INR 3-4 LPA. HD is effective medical care for ESRD. The outlay is at all the time important problem for HD sufferers. Moreover, the majority of the hemodialysis patients require an attendant from family amounting to a further increase in the cost. It has been considered that in respect of both, determining these life-significant life-saving techniques as well as for diminishing destitution on the attention of ongoing costs for sufferers, a healthcare scheme is imperative for hemodialysis patients. Renal replacement therapy (RRT) treatment within India is largely a privatize medical assistance enterprise making this a costly therapy option because of huge out-of-pocket outlays. At this stage, the vast majority of HD sufferers in India die without obtaining a suitable prognosis. There are a handful of healthcare schemes provided by the Central Government, State Governments, NGOs, and even hospitals. However, there is a dire need to bring awareness among the public and the benefits that each scheme provides.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4382-4388
Number of pages7
JournalResearch Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 10-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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