Hymenoptera heartaches -cardiac manifestation with hymenoptera stings, a retrospective study from a tertiary care hospital in South India

Freston Marc Sirur, William Wilson, Vivek Gopinathan, A. S. Chethana, Nymisha Lekha

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Introduction: Hymenoptera stings usually have a multitude of presentations from very subtle to life-threatening conditions. Various cardiac manifestations including Kounis syndrome often get missed due to lack of suspicion. The aim of the study was to describe the clinical profile of the cardiac etiologies associated with hymenoptera stings and review literature with focus on diagnosis and treatment strategies. Methodology: A retrospective chart analysis was performed including all adult patients who had a hymenoptera sting during a two-year window (October 2018 – October 2020). Of these, patients with cardiac features were enrolled. A structured case record form was used to capture information like basic demography, clinical profile, and outcomes. Results: Thirteen cases presented with hymenoptera stings of which six cases had cardiac presentation and were considered. The most common presentations were breathlessness and generalised itching with only one patient complaining of chest pain. All patients(with available data) had ECG changes suggestive of ischemia and associated raised troponin levels with 2D echo changes. The diagnoses considered included Kounis syndrome, hypersensitivity myocarditis, and Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Patients were managed conservatively with one patient undergoing a coronary angiography. All patients were stable at discharge. Conclusion: Cardiac manifestations with hymenoptera stings although rare may complicate diagnosis and treatment.It should be borne in mind during assessment and standardised guidelines should be developed for ED treatment such as the one recommended in this study. Keywords:Hymenoptera, Kounis syndrome, Acute Coronary Syndrome, emergency medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)294-300
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Emergency Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 12-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine


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