Impact of deposition temperature on persistent photoconductivity of SnO2 thin films deposited using spray pyrolysis technique suitable in optoelectronic synaptic devices

P. Asha Hind, Pawan Kumar, U. K. Goutam, B. V. Rajendra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, nanocrystalline tin oxide thin films that exhibited enhanced persistent photoconductivity (PPC) were prepared using spray pyrolysis technique. The effect of deposition temperature on different aspects of photoconductivity of these films were analysed using different characterization techniques. Raman analysis confirmed the tetragonal rutile structure of the films and also indicated their nanocrystalline nature, while XPS analysis verified the presence and oxidation states of tin and oxygen in the films. The films demonstrated UV sensing capability under above-bandgap illumination, generating electron-hole pairs and enhancing electrical conductivity. The deposition temperature of the film influenced their photocurrent characteristics, showcasing varied responses in terms of photosensitivity and photocurrent. Enhancement of photoresponse was observed with the increase in deposition temperatures of the samples. Notably, films deposited at 450 and 500 °C exhibited the more persistent photocurrent at the tested deposition temperatures. The surface defects, oxygen vacancies and grain boundaries played a significant role in sustaining PPC by ionizing vacancies and creating persistent carriers even after light exposure by trapping free carriers and impeding recombination. From the exponential fitting and extrapolation of the decay curves, the sample prepared at 450 °C was observed to be the most suitable film in application point of view for fabricating devices that make use of persistent photoconductivity. Overall, this work highlights the effectiveness of modulation of deposition temperature in influencing photoconductor parameters of spray pyrolyzed tin oxide films, offering potential applications in non-volatile memory, bionic optoelectronics, neuromorphic computing and bioelectronics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115579
JournalOptical Materials
Volume153
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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