Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Prevalence of MTP Cases and Their Clinicodemographic Profile in India: A Retrospective Multicentric Study

Richa Sharma, Pratima Agarwal, Vaishali Jain, Haritha Sagili, Sonali Sarkar, Anuradha Panda, Kruti Deliwala, Krupa Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background:: During the Covid-19 pandemic, reproductive health of women was disproportionately affected due to difficult access to safe abortion and contraceptive services. This study aims to assess the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the prevalence of MTP cases and to find out the clinicodemographic profiles of women undergoing MTP during three Covid-waves in different hospitals-Government and private sectors in India. Methods:: This retrospective multicentric cohort study was conducted during three Covid-19 pandemic waves. The records were retrieved from the centers’ medical record section and the MTP register from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Results:: On an average, 1.1 women/day underwent MTP during covid waves compared to 1.9 women/day during the pre-covid 2019. The first Covid wave’s average MTP/day was very low (0.71) compared to the third (2.88) and second wave (1.12), respectively. These differences were statistically significant (p<0.0001). The most common indication for MTP was contraceptive failure 245(50.9%), followed by eugenic/congenital anomalies 88(18.9%). A total of 244 cases (50.6%) reported for MTP ≤ seven weeks and 114(23.6%) presented between 7 and 12 weeks. More than half (54%) of the women underwent surgical methods for abortion as the unavailability of medical abortion (MA) drugs. IUCD and sterilization were severely affected during the first and second Covid waves. Conclusion:: Safe abortions are essential services for reproductive-age women. With the uncertainty of future Covid-like an emergency, we should strengthen our telemedicine network so that women can reach out early and MMA can be initiated to reduce the number of surgical abortions and unwanted pregnancies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)477-487
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India
Volume73
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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