Background: Non-operative management of Osteoarthritis (OA) can be challenging. The intra-articular injection with hyaluronic acid (IAHA), corticosteroids and Platelet rich plasma are some of the popular modalities which are increasingly being employed as a stop-gap strategy before considering any surgical intervention for OA management. Among these, the intra-articular HA (IAHA) has been widely studied with variable and conflicting results. Method: This was a prospective observational study conducted in adults with knee OA. Suitable patients were given IAHA (Synvisc-One®) on an out-patient basis. They were assessed in terms of VAS score, WOMAC score and SF36 scores at successive follow-up visits at 8, 24 and 52 weeks. Results: 50 patients were recruited in this study and followed for 52 weeks post injection of HA. Mean and SD values of VAS, WOMAC and SF36 scores were on a decreasing trend in each follow up visit. Percentage change between the visits was also statistically significant. The improvement in pain scores at successive visits was significant in KL grade 1 OA than grade 2 or 3 indicating strong association between them. Conclusion: Short-term (up to one year) beneficial effects of intra-articular viscosupplementation with HA in early primary knee OA can be seen with a decreasing trend in the intensity of pain and an increasing trend in improving the physical functioning and health-related quality of life.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine