Abstract: A series of novel 2-amino-4-(3-hydroxy-4-phenoxyphenyl)-6-(4-substituted phenyl) nicotinonitriles were synthesized and evaluated against HepG2, A-549 and Vero cell lines. Compounds 3b (IC50 16.74 ± 0.45 µM) and 3p (IC50 10.57 ± 0.54 µM) were found to be the most active compounds against A-549 cell line among the evaluated compounds. Further 3b- and 3p-induced apoptosis was characterized by AO/EB (acridine orange/ethidium bromide) nuclear staining method and also by DNA fragmentation study. A decrease in cell viability and initiation of apoptosis was clearly evident through the morphological changes in the A-549 cells treated with 3b and 3p when stained with this method. Fragmentation of DNA into nucleosomes was observed which further confirmed the cell apoptosis in cells treated with compound 3b. Flow cytometry studies confirmed the cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase in A549 cells treated with compound 3b. Further in silico studies performed supported the in vitro anticancer activity of these compounds as depicted by dock score and binding energy values. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Information Systems
- Molecular Biology
- Drug Discovery
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry