In-vitro evaluation of microleakage of bioceramic root-end filling materials: A spectrophotometric study

Ravi Gupta, Radhika Kewalramani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To evaluate the microleakage of newer bioceramic root-end filling materials. Material and method: Sixty freshly extracted human single-rooted mandibular premolar teeth were selected for the study. Teeth with fractured root, cracks, anddilacerations were rejected. All teeth were cleaned with ultrasonic scalers. Standard access opening was done and root canal treatment was performed with rotary files followed by obturation. After storing in saline for a week apical 3 ​mm of the root was resected at 900 angles to the long axis of the root. Retro cavity preparation was done with ultrasonic tips. The teeth were divided into four groups of 15 specimens each. Group I - Biodentin, GroupII–Bioaggregate, Group III – MTA Plus, and Group IV – MTA. After the restoration of retro cavities of all the teeth as per manufacture instructions, two coats of nail varnish were applied to leave apical 3 ​mm. All teeth were stored in 2% methylene blue for 72 ​h followed by emersion in 65% nitric acid for the next 72 ​h for Dye extraction. The obtained supernatant solution was then centrifuged and optical density or absorbance was measured with a UV spectrophotometer. Result: Microleakage was found to be increasing in this order: Biodentin ​< ​Bioaggregate ​< ​MTA Plus ​< ​MTA. No significant difference was found in the microleakage of Biodentin compared to that of Bioaggregate(p ​> ​0.01). Conclusion: All materials exhibit some amount of microleakage. Biodentin shows the least microleakage among all the bioceramic material groups. Hence, Biodentin and bioaggregate are better material of choice for the retrograde filling to prevent microleakage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-333
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • General Dentistry


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