Incorporation of plasma Vitamin C levels to modified nutritional risk in critically ill score as the novel Vitamin C nutritional risk in critically ill score in sepsis subjects as an early predictor of multidrug-resistant bacteria: A prospective observational study

Shwethapriya Rao, Ravindra Maradi, Nitin Gupta, Arjun Asok, Souvik Chaudhuri, Margiben Tusharbhai Bhatt, Sagar Shanmukhappa Maddani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: On intensive care unit (ICU) admission, it is difficult to predict which patient may harbor multidrug‑resistant (MDR) bacteria. MDR is the nonsusceptibility of bacteria to at least one antibiotic in three or more antimicrobial categories. Vitamin C inhibits bacterial biofilms, and its incorporation into the modified nutritional risk in critically ill (mNUTRIC) scores may help predict MDR bacterial sepsis early. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted on adult subjects with sepsis. Plasma Vitamin C level was estimated within 24 h of ICU admission, and it was incorporated into the mNUTRIC score (designated as Vitamin C nutritional risk in critically ill [vNUTRIC]). Multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine if vNUTRIC was an independent predictor of MDR bacterial culture in sepsis subjects. The receiver operating characteristic curve was plotted to determine the vNUTRIC cutoff score for predicting MDR bacterial culture. Results: A total of 103 patients were recruited. The bacterial culture‑positive sepsis subjects were 58/103, with 49/58 culture‑positive subjects having MDR. The vNUTRIC score on ICU admission in the MDR bacteria group was 6.71 ± 1.92 versus 5.42 ± 2.2 in the non‑MDR bacteria group (P = 0.003, Independent Student’s t‑test). High vNUTRIC score ≥6 on admission is associated with MDR bacteria (P = 0.042 Chi‑Square test), and is a predictor of MDR bacteria (P = 0.003, AUC 0.671, 95% confidence interval [0.568–0.775], sensitivity 71%, specificity 48%). Logistic regression showed that the vNUTRIC score is an independent predictor of MDR bacteria. Conclusion: High vNUTRIC score (≥6) on ICU admission in sepsis subjects is associated with MDR bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-37
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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