Intellectual property rights policies of higher education institutions (HEIs) in India: a cross-sectional study

Vijay Kumar Sattiraju, Ravi Pandey, Ramjee Pallela, Anindya Sircar, Virendra S. Ligade, Pradeep M. Muragundi, Manthan D. Janodia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the intellectual property (IP) policy and innovation practices of higher education institutions (HEIs) and to understand the impact of national intellectual property rights (IPR) policy at the ground level. It identifies the barriers of HEIs in the generation of IP, its commercialization and technology transfer. Design/methodology/approach: This cross-sectional study aims to understand the innovation practices and IP policy framework of HEIs in India. It was studied in a qualitative approach with a structured questionnaire tool deployed to the top management of HEIs (targeted respondents), using convenience sampling methods. Findings: The results imply that IP policies and innovation practices of HEIs in India are evolving and need to align with the global standard as envisaged in the national IPR policy. Lack of commensurate incentives to the inventors, linkages with industries and facilities were found to be major barriers among HEIs and research institutions. Institutional IP policy shall be framed to promote industry linkages with universities resulting in successful IP generation and technology transfer. Research limitations/implications: The sample size in this study is less; however, it does not have an impact on the study outcome, as it is a qualitative approach. Practical implications: This study brings awareness among stakeholders of IP generation and commercialization regarding the barriers and needed changes to overcome them through policy. Social implications: It helps policymakers to redesign the tools of IP and innovation policy to enable the innovation promotion at HEIs. This study identifies innovation practices and institutional barriers in the generation of IP. Originality/value: This qualitative survey-based study helps in understanding the innovation practices of HEIs in India. It also aims to identify the barriers of HEIs on the generation and commercialization of IP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)837-848
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Science and Technology Policy Management
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 29-11-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Industrial relations
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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