Intermolecular dissociation energies of 1-naphthol complexes with large dispersion-energy donors: Decalins and adamantane

Richard Knochenmuss, Rajeev K. Sinha, Franziska A. Balmer, Philipp Ottiger, Samuel Leutwyler

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The ground-state intermolecular dissociation energies D0(S0) of supersonic-jet cooled intermolecular complexes of 1-naphthol (1NpOH) with the bi- and tricycloalkanes trans-decalin, cis-decalin, and adamantane were measured using the stimulated-emission-pumping/resonant two-photon ionization (SEP-R2PI) method. Using UV/UV holeburning, we identified two isomers (A and B) of the adamantane and trans-decalin complexes and four isomers (A-D) of the cis-decalin complex. For 1NpOH·adamantane A and B, the D0(S0) values are 21.6 ± 0.15 kJ/mol and 21.2 ± 0.32 kJ/mol, those of 1NpOH·trans-decalin A and B are 28.7 ± 0.3 kJ/mol and 28.1 ± 0.9 kJ/mol, and those of 1NpOH·cis-decalin A and B are 28.9 ± 0.15 kJ/mol and 28.7 ± 0.3 kJ/mol. Upon S0 → S1 electronic excitation of the 1NpOH moiety, the dissociation energies of adamantane, trans-decalin, and the cis-decalin isomer C change by <1% and those of cis-decalin isomers A, B, and D increase only slightly (1%-3%). This implies that the hydrocarbons are dispersively adsorbed to a naphthalene "face." Calculations using the dispersion-corrected density functional theory methods B97-D3 and B3LYP-D3 indeed predict that the stable structures have face geometries. The B97-D3 calculated D0(S0) values are within 1 kJ/mol of the experiment, while B3LYP-D3 predicts D0 values that are 1.4-3.3 kJ/mol larger. Although adamantane has been recommended as a "dispersion-energy donor," the binding energies of the trans- and cis-decalin adducts to 1NpOH are 30% larger than that of adamantane. In fact, the D0 value of 1NpOH·adamantane is close to that of 1NpOH·cyclohexane, reflecting the nearly identical contact layer between the two molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104304
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 14-03-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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