Intragenic homozygous duplication in HEPACAM is associated with megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts type 2A

Namanpreet Kaur, Khyati Arora, Periyasamy Radhakrishnan, Dhanya Lakshmi Narayanan, Anju Shukla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Disease-causing variants in HEPACAM are associated with megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts 2A (MLC2A, MIM# 613,925, autosomal recessive), and megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts 2B, remitting, with or without impaired intellectual development (MLC2B, MIM# 613,926, autosomal dominant). These disorders are characterised by macrocephaly, seizures, motor delay, cognitive impairment, ataxia, and spasticity. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in these individuals shows swollen cerebral hemispheric white matter and subcortical cysts, mainly in the frontal and temporal regions. To date, 45 individuals from 39 families are reported with biallelic and heterozygous variants in HEPACAM, causing MLC2A and MLC2B, respectively. A 9-year-old male presented with developmental delay, gait abnormalities, seizures, macrocephaly, dysarthria, spasticity, and hyperreflexia. MRI revealed subcortical cysts with diffuse cerebral white matter involvement. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) in the proband did not reveal any clinically relevant single nucleotide variants. However, copy number variation analysis from the WES data of the proband revealed a copy number of 4 for exons 3 and 4 of HEPACAM. Validation and segregation were done by quantitative PCR which confirmed the homozygous duplication of these exons in the proband and carrier status in both parents. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an intragenic duplication in HEPACAM causing MLC2A.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalNeurogenetics
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 04-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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