Intrauterine Administration of Autologous Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Concentrate (aka Autologous Blood Cell Derivative) Improves the Endometrial Thickness in 'Thin' Endometrium in the Frozen Embryo Transfer Cycle

Pratap Kumar, Anjali Mundkur, D. Sai Bhavna, Vasanthi Palanivel, Prashanth Adiga, Vidyashree G. Poojari, Shubha Rao, Rashmi Ullagaddi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Context: Thin endometrium during the frozen embryo transfer cycles leads to cycle cancellation. The embryo transfer cycle getting deferred is an unpleasant experience for the patients and the fertility specialist. Aims: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of Autologous Blood Cell Derivative (ABCD) growth factor concentrate to obtain an optimal thickness of endometrium for embryo transfer during IVF treatments, where rapid regeneration is crucial for the expected therapeutic outcome. Settings and Design: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in Manipal Assisted Reproduction Center, a referral center in Southern India. Methods and Material: Fifty-six patients with thin endometrium were administered three doses of ABCD growth factor concentrate as per the protocol after informed consent. All of them had a history of embryo transfer (ET) cancellation in frozen-thawed embryo cycles due to inadequate growth of the endometrium despite therapy with estrogens and drugs for improving uterine blood circulation. Results: The endometrium thickness during the implantation window in the patients included in the study averaged 6.48 ± 1.19 mm. After the intervention, 55 out of 56 patients (98.2%) showed a considerable change in the thickness of the endometrium layer with an average thickness of 8.48 ± 1.32 mm (< 0.0001, SE 0.233, 95% CI 1.58–2.5). Out of the 55 patients, 20 got pregnant, i.e., 36.4% pregnancy rate. Till date, thirteen pregnancies had live births (65%), three pregnancies (15%) were biochemical pregnancies, 1 (5%) was ectopic, and three pregnancies (15%) had spontaneous miscarriage before eight weeks. When we compared the endometrial thickness (EMT) in the pregnant and non-pregnant groups pre- and post-ABCD instillation, (6.47 ± 1.31 mm vs 6.48 ± 1.4 mm, p = 0.98 and 8.68 ± 1.32 mm vs 8.48 ± 1.32 mm, p value 0.59) the p value was not statistically significant. Conclusions: The implantation, clinical pregnancy and live birth rates were 36.4, 30 and 65%, respectively. This result is a significant improvement for patients with thin endometrium for whom we would otherwise cancel the frozen transfer. An autologous resource is a safe, readily available and inexpensive treatment modality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-114
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India
Volume73
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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