In the present study, gas tungsten arc welding was employed to weld Ti-stabilized 439 ferritic stainless steel using 308L austenitic stainless steel filler electrode with varying heat input, i.e., low heat input (LHI) and high heat input (HHI). The optical microstructure revealed the formation of retained austenite (RA) and ferrite in the weld zone (WZ), whereas the peppery structure consisting of chromium-rich carbides were observed in the heat-affected zone for both the weldments. The volumetric fraction of RA was calculated using X-ray diffraction analysis. The RA’s content decreased, whereas grain size in WZ increased with an increase in heat input. The local misorientation and grain boundary distribution in the welded region was investigated by electron backscattered diffraction. The LHI weldment depicted the higher micro-hardness and tensile strength attributed to the higher content of RA as compared to HHI; however, the opposite trend was observed for the intergranular corrosion resistance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering