Legal and Ethical Consideration in Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare: Who Takes Responsibility?

Nithesh Naik, B. M.Zeeshan Hameed, Dasharathraj K. Shetty, Dishant Swain, Milap Shah, Rahul Paul, Kaivalya Aggarwal, Sufyani Brahim, Vathsala Patil, Komal Smriti, Suyog Shetty, Bhavan Prasad Rai, Piotr Chlosta, Bhaskar K. Somani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Citations (Scopus)


The legal and ethical issues that confront society due to Artificial Intelligence (AI) include privacy and surveillance, bias or discrimination, and potentially the philosophical challenge is the role of human judgment. Concerns about newer digital technologies becoming a new source of inaccuracy and data breaches have arisen as a result of its use.Mistakesintheprocedureorprotocolinthefieldofhealthcarecanhavedevastating consequences for the patient who is the victim of the error. Because patients come into contact with physicians at moments in their lives when they are most vulnerable, it is crucial to remember this. Currently, there are no well-defined regulations in place to address the legal and ethical issues that may arise due to the use of artificial intelligence inhealthcaresettings.Thisreviewattemptstoaddressthesepertinentissueshighlighting the need for algorithmic transparency, privacy, and protection of all the beneficiaries involved and cybersecurity of associated vulnerabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number862322
Pages (from-to)862322
JournalFrontiers in Surgery
Publication statusPublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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