In this paper, the inverse problems of cardiac sources using analytical and probabilistic methods are solved and discussed. The standard Tikhonov regularization technique is solved initially to estimate the under-determined heart surface potentials from Magnetocardiographic (MCG) signals. The results of the deterministic method subjected to noise in the measurements are discussed and compared with the probabilistic models. Hierarchical Bayesian modeling with fixed Gaussian prior is employed to quantify the uncertainties in source reconstructions. A novel application of Variational Bayesian inference approach has been presented to estimate the heart sources. The reconstruction results of Variational Bayesian model with non-stationary priors are compared with solutions of simplistic Bayesian approach; and the performances are evaluated using Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and correlation co-efficient metrics. The Bayesian solutions in the study are also extended to localize the MCG sources for two types of Myocardial infarction cases.
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