Machine Learning Models for Classification of Human Emotions Using Multivariate Brain Signals

Shashi Kumar G. S, Ahalya Arun, Niranjana Sampathila, R. Vinoth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Humans can portray different expressions contrary to their emotional state of mind. Therefore, it is difficult to judge humans’ real emotional state simply by judging their physical appearance. Although researchers are working on facial expressions analysis, voice recognition, and gesture recognition; the accuracy levels of such analysis are much less and the results are not reliable. Hence, it becomes vital to have realistic emotion detector. Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals remain neutral to the external appearance and behavior of the human and help in ensuring accurate analysis of the state of mind. The EEG signals from various electrodes in different scalp regions are studied for performance. Hence, EEG has gained attention over time to obtain accurate results for the classification of emotional states in human beings for human–machine interaction as well as to design a program where an individual could perform a self-analysis of his emotional state. In the proposed scheme, we extract power spectral densities of multivariate EEG signals from different sections of the brain. From the extracted power spectral density (PSD), the features which provide a better feature for classification are selected and classified using long short-term memory (LSTM) and bi-directional long short-term memory (Bi-LSTM). The 2-D emotion model considered for the classification of frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital is studied. The region-based classification is performed by considering positive and negative emotions. The performance accuracy of our previous model’s results of artificial neural network (ANN), support vector machine (SVM), K-nearest neighbor (K-NN), and LSTM was compared and 94.95% accuracy was received using Bi-LSTM considering four prefrontal electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 10-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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