Magnetic NiFe2O4/Polypyrrole nanocomposites with enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption

Jiang Guo, Xu Li, Zhuoran Chen, Jianfeng Zhu, Xianmin Mai, Renbo Wei, Kai Sun, Hu Liu, Yunxia Chen, Nithesh Naik, Zhanhu Guo

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109 Citations (SciVal)


NiFe2O4/polypyrrole (NiFe2O4/PPy) nanocomposites are prepared by a simple surface-initiated polymerization method and demonstrate negative permittivity in the low frequency regions. These nanocomposites also exhibit significantly enhanced electromagnetic wave (EMW) absorption property in the high frequency regions. Compared with pure PPy, the enhanced negative permittivity is observed in the NiFe2O4/PPy nanocomposites with a NiFe2O4 loading of 5.0, 10.0, 20.0 and 40.0 wt%, indicating the formation of metal-like electrical conducting network in NiFe2O4/PPy nanocomposites. Moreover, the negative permittivity could be tuned by changing the NiFe2O4 loading. The minimum reflection loss (RL) of -40.8 dB is observed in the 40.0 wt% NiFe2O4/PPy composites with a thickness of only 1.9 mm. The effective absorption bandwidth below -10.0 and -20.0 dB reaches 6.08 and 2.08 GHz, respectively. The enhanced EMW absorption performance benefits from the improved independence matching, EMW attenuation capacity, and synergistic effects of conduction loss, dielectric loss (interfacial and dipole polarizations) and magnetic loss (exchange and natural resonances). This research work provides a guidance for the fabrication of nanocomposites with an excellent EMW absorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-72
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 10-05-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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