Mechanical Properties of Fiber-Reinforced High-Volume Fly-Ash-Based Cement Composite—A Long-Term Study

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This article presents the long-term mechanical properties of a novel cement composite, no-aggregate concrete (NAC), containing 80% of low-calcium (class F) fly ash (F-FA) and 20% ordinary Portland cement (OPC) without aggregates. The study investigates the effect of adding polypropylene fibers (PPFs) in varying volume fractions to NAC by conducting compressive, splitting tensile, flexural, bond strength, and sorptivity tests, emphasizing the morphological features over a curing duration of up to three years. The results indicate that adding PPF has an insignificant effect on compressive strength. However, flexural, splitting tensile, and bond strength improve with an increasing volume fraction of PPF. The addition of PPF achieves a ductile failure which is desirable. The initial and final water absorption rate (sorptivity) reduces with the addition of PPF. Further, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images reveal dense precipitation of C-S-H, while energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) quantifies the hydration products. The ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) affirms the composite’s excellent quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13128
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 09-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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