Microplastics occurrence, detection and removal with emphasis on insect larvae gut microbiota

Louella Concepta Goveas, Sneha Nayak, P. Senthil Kumar, Gayathri Rangasamy, S. M. Vidya, Ramesh Vinayagam, Raja Selvaraj, Dai Viet N. Vo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Microplastics have been identified in all living forms including human beings, the present need is to restrain its spread and devise measures to remediate microplastics from polluted ecosystems. In this regard, the present review emphasizes on the occurrence, sources detection and toxic effects of microplastics in various ecosystems. The removal of microplastics is prevalent by various physico-chemical and biological methods, although the removal efficiency by biological methods is low. It has been noted that the degradation of plastics by insect gut larvae is a well-known aspect, however, the underlying mechanism has not been completely identified. Studies conducted have shown the magnificent contribution of gut microbiota, which have been isolated and exploited for microplastic remediation. This review also focuses on this avenue, as it highlights the contribution of insect gut microbiota in microplastic degradation along with challenges faced and future prospects in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114580
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Publication statusPublished - 03-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution


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