Microwave-assisted synthesis and upconversion luminescence of NaYF4:Yb, Gd, Er and NaYF4:Yb, Gd, Tm nanorods

Shivanand H. Nannuri, Simranjit Singh, Superb K. Misra, Santhosh C, Sajan D. George

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Anisotropic rare earth ion (RE3+) doped fluoride upconversion particles are emerging as potential candidate in diverse areas, ranging from biomedical imaging to photonics. Here, we develop a facile strategy to synthesize NaYF4: Yb, Gd, Er, and NaYF4: Yb, Gd, Tm upconversion nanorods via microwave synthesis route by controlling the synthesis time and compared the optical properties similar nanorods prepared via solvothermal technique. With the increase in synthesis time, the phase of the particle found to change from mixed phase to purely hexagonal and morphology of the particles change mixed phase of spherical and rod-shaped particles to completely nanorods for a synthesis time of 60 min. Further, the intrinsically hydrophobic particles changed to hydrophilic by removal of oleic capping via acid treatment and the amine functionalized silica coating. The upconversion luminescence as well as laser power dependent emission properties of the surface modified particles elucidate that surface modification route influence the upconversion luminescence as well as solvent dependent emission properties. Moreover, the laser power dependent studies elucidate that the upconversion process in a multi-photon process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024004
JournalMethods and Applications in Fluorescence
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 09-03-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • General Materials Science
  • Spectroscopy


Dive into the research topics of 'Microwave-assisted synthesis and upconversion luminescence of NaYF4:Yb, Gd, Er and NaYF4:Yb, Gd, Tm nanorods'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this