Mineral trioxide aggregate: part 2 - a review of the material aspects.

Neeraj Malhotra, Antara Agarwal, Kundabala Mala

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this two-part series is to review the composition, properties, and products of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) materials. PubMed and MedLine electronic databases were used to identify scientific papers from January 1991 to May 2010. Based on the selected inclusion criteria, citations were referenced from the scientific peer-reviewed dental literature. Mineral trioxide aggregate is a refined form of the parent compound, Portland cement (PC), and demonstrates a strong biocompatibility due to the high pH level and the material's ability to form hydroxyapatite. Mineral trioxide aggregate materials provide better microleakage protection than traditional endodontic materials as observed in findings from dye-leakage, fluid-filtration, protein-leakage, and bacterial penetration-leakage studies and has been recognized as a bioactive material. Various MTA commercial products are available, including gray mineral trioxide aggregate (GMTA), white mineral trioxide aggregate (WMTA), and mineral trioxide aggregate-Angelus (AMTA). Although these materials are indicated for various dental uses and applications, long-term in-vivo clinical studies are needed. Part 1 of this article highlighted and discussed the composition and characteristics of the material. Part 2 provides an overview of commercially available MTA materials.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCompendium of continuing education in dentistry (Jamesburg, N.J. : 1995)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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