Introduction: Aneurysms of the A3 segment of the distal anterior cerebral artery (DACA), in relation to the genu of the corpus callosum, are specific sub-group which pose unique surgical challenges due to their discrete anatomical location. We describe a mini-anterior interhemispheric approach which can be safely utilised to clip these aneurysms rather than the traditional bifrontal approach. Methods: Retrospective analysis of the clinical and radiological data of ruptured DACA-A3 aneurysms operated between 2014 and 2021 at our institute. A curvilinear scalp incision within the hairline followed by raising small, unilateral, free frontal bone flap, avoiding the opening of frontal sinus. Superior sagittal sinus is displaced medially, inter-hemispheric dissection carried out with posterior trajectory and small callosotomy is performed. DACA is skeletonised, proximal control is established, and the A3 aneurysm is dissected and clipped. Result: Our cohort of 18 patients had a definite female preponderance (F:M::2:1) with mean age of 55.6 years. On admission three patients were categorized as WFNS Grade I, thirteen in Grade II, and two in Grade III for subarachnoid haemorrhage. All the patients had evidence of blood in the interhemispheric fissure; intraparenchymal haemorrhage was seen in seven, with intraventricular haemorrhage in six patients. Within the A3 segment six aneurysms were infragenu (inferior), eight were at the genu (anterior) and four were supragenu (superior). Two (11.1%) elderly patients succumbed post-surgery following ischemic infarcts and associated complications. At the time of follow-up at 3 months of the remaining sixteen (72.2%) patients, thirteen had a good outcome (mRS 0–3) and three (16.7%) had a poor outcome (mRS > 3). Conclusion: The mini anterior interhemispheric is an effective minimally invasive alternative for A3 segments aneurysms and helps to avoid the complications of the conventional bifrontal interhemispheric approach.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology