Background: Recent evidences highlight role of mitochondria in the development of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-induced intestinal toxicity. Mitochondria-targeted antioxidants are well-known for their protective effects in mitochondrial oxidative stress- mediated diseases. In the present study, we investigated protective effect of Mito-TEMPO in 5-FU-induced intestinal toxicity. Methods: Mito-TEMPO (0.1 mg/kg b.w.) was administered intraperitoneally to male BALB/c mice for 7 days, followed by co-administration of 5-FU for next 4 days (intraperitoneal 12 mg/kg b.w.). Protective effect of Mito-TEMPO on intestinal toxicity was assessed in terms of histopathological alterations, modulation in inflammatory markers, apoptotic cell death, expression of 8-OhDG, mitochondrial functional status and oxidative stress. Results: 5-FU administered animals showed altered intestinal histoarchitecture wherein a shortening and atrophy of the villi was observed. The crypts were disorganized and inflammatory cell infiltration was noted. Mito-TEMPO pre-protected animals demonstrated improved histoarchitecture with normalization of villus height, better organized crypts and reduced inflammatory cell infiltration. The inflammatory markers and myeloperoxidase activity were normalized in mito-TEMPO protected group. A significant reduction in intestinal apoptotic cell death and expression of 8-OhDG was also observed in mito-TEMPO group as compared to 5-FU group. Further, mtROS, mtLPO and mitochondrial antioxidant defense status were improved by mito-TEMPO. Conclusion: Mito-TEMPO exerted significant protective effect against 5-FU-induced intestinal toxicity. Therefore, it may be used as an adjuvant in 5-FU chemotherapy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)