Background: Knowledge of anatomy of the subscapular arterial tree is very important as it is commonly used for microvascular grafting to substitute injured portions of the arteries of hands and forearm. So, the study aims to examine the subscapular arterial tree and its variants. Aim and Objectives: To observe the subscapular arterial tree and its variants in the origin and branching pattern as well as to locate the distance of origin of subscapular artery and circumflex scapular artery from various anatomical landmarks. Material and Methods: Twenty-six upper limbs were used in the study. The origin and branches of subscapular artery were noted down. Distance between the various anatomical landmarks and the origin of subscapular and circumflex scapular artery were noted down. Variants in the nd origin and branching pattern were noted. Results: In five limbs, the 2 part of axillary artery gave rise to subscapular artery. On the right and left side, the mean distance between the origins of subscapular artery from pectoralis minor was 2.92 and 3.17 cm, respectively. In five limbs, subscapular artery was originating along with posterior circumflex rd humeral artery and in three limbs with lateral thoracic artery. In two limbs, the 3 part of axillary artery was giving rise to circumflex scapular artery directly. The mean distance of the origin of circumflex scapular artery from pectoralis minor was 3.53 and 3.83 cm away on right and left side, respectively. On both right and left side, the mean distance of the origin of circumflex scapular artery was 2.18 cm away from the origin of subscapular artery. Conclusion: The measurements on the subscapular artery and its variations will help the surgeons in identifying subscapular artery easily for microvascular arterial grafting.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University
|Published - 01-04-2023
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Medicine