Multiple grayscale image encryption using cross-coupled chaotic maps

K. Abhimanyu Kumar Patro, Ayushi Soni, Pradeep Kumar Netam, Bibhudendra Acharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Citations (SciVal)


This paper proposes a newly developed multiple grayscale image encryption scheme using cross-coupling of two Piece-wise Linear Chaotic Maps (PWLCM). In this scheme, cross-coupled PWLCM systems are used to perform both the permutation and diffusion operation. The sorted iterated sequences of cross-coupled PWLCM systems are used to perform the row-column diffusion operation, whereas their corresponding indexed sequences are used to execute the row-column permutation operation. The cross-coupled chaotic map improves the discrete dynamics of chaos and avoids the weakness of using a single chaotic map for permutation-diffusion operation. The use of a cross-coupled chaotic map increases the difficulty of cryptanalysis of the cipher image because the cipher output is generated by the mixing of different chaotic orbits. In addition to this, the cross-coupling of a single type of chaotic map (PWLCM system) increases the software and hardware efficiency of the algorithm. As well as, the use of the PWLCM system increases the encryption speed of the algorithm. The proposed technique also uses the Secure Hash Algorithm SHA-256 to resist the algorithm against the known-plaintext attack and the chosen-plaintext attack. Simulation results and security analysis reveals that the proposed algorithm is more encryption efficient and enhances security in multiple cipher images.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102470
JournalJournal of Information Security and Applications
Publication statusPublished - 06-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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