Multiple muscular anomalies of upper extremity: A cadaveric study

Soubhagya Ranjan Nayak, A. Krishnamurthy, Lakshmi A. Ramanathan, Latha V. Prabhu, C. Ganesh Kumar, Dinit K. Tom, Teresa Joy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


During routine cadaveric dissection, we encountered multiple muscular anomalies in a 58-year-old embalmed male cadaver. All the variations were encountered on the flexor compartment of right upper limb. The anomalies include an axillary arch (Aa) in the axilla, a third head of biceps brachii (Thb) in the arm, a reverse palmaris longus (Rpl) and a Gantzer's muscle (Gm) in the forearm and an unusually large palmaris brevis muscle (Pbm) in the palm. Anatomical description is achieved by measuring the length, width and attachments of the above-mentioned variants. The morphological and clinical significance of the anomalous muscles are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-415
Number of pages5
JournalRomanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Medicine(all)
  • Embryology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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