This case report describes and discuss the significance of necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis. A wide range of oral lesions has been documented in individuals infected with the potential life-threatening human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV-infected patients are at an increased risk of a unique form of periodontal disease called 'necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis'. These lesions are the most severe form of periodontitis identified but of rare occurrence among HIV patients, with a prevalence of less than 5%. Disease progress is managed by thorough local debridement under antibiotic coverage. Here, we report a case of a 44-year-old female who reported with an extensive area of ulcerations, and necrosis of marginal gingiva, interdental papilla, and attached gingiva. Blood investigations revealed an absolute CD4+ cells count of 75 cells/mm3 and HIV-positive status. Necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis is as an indicator of underlying systemic immunosuppression. Further, the occurrence of ulcerative periodontitis led to the diagnosis of HIV in the present case.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-178
Number of pages4
JournalHIV and AIDS Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Infectious Diseases


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