Non-Coking coal as an additive to enhance properties of groundnut shell reinforced polypropylene composites

M. S. Santosh, K. Chethan, C. Vasudev, Vijaykumar Guna, K. R. Balaji, P. Gopinathan, Manish Kumar, Narendra Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Groundnut shells (GNS) are renewable and sustainable sources that can reinforce polypropylene for composites intended for interior building and other applications. However, the hydrophilicity, low thermal and noise insulation of GNS reinforced polypropylene (PP) necessitate the use of additives to improve properties. In this work, non-coking bituminous coal was used as an additive to improve the properties of GNS-PP composites. Up to 30% of coal particles were included and the changes in tensile, flexural properties and noise and thermal insulation were studied. Morphological analysis showed limited interaction of coal with GNS or PP and consequently, there was only marginal improvement in the mechanical properties. However, moisture sorption of the composites decreased by 25% and the limited oxygen index increased to 27 from 24 without any coal. The presence of coal increases sound absorption and the noise absorption coefficient showed high absorption at specific frequencies. Coal is an abundantly available natural material which is suitable to improve the performance of composites.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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