Objective: To systematically summarize the evidence of strategies other than therapy to promote physical activity in hospital settings. Methods: Studies testing the various strategies to promote the physical activity of stroke survivors in different hospital settings, including stroke units, hospitals and rehabilitation centres were included. Two independent reviewers screened, extracted data, and assessed the study quality. Quality assessments were performed using standardized checklists. Data synthesis was done from the selected articles and results were reported. Results: Of the 3396 records retrieved from database searches, 12 studies (n = 529 participants) were included. All the studies were of moderate to good quality. The strategies were grouped into five categories: i) physical environment, ii) device-based feedback, iii) self-management approaches, iv) family presence, and v) education. Physical environmental and device-based feedback were the most common strategies to promote physical activity after a stroke in a hospital setting. Strategies such as family presence and education improved physical activity levels, whereas device-based feedback showed mixed results. Conclusion: Despite the importance of physical activity in early stroke, there is limited literature present to enhance activity levels. Physical environment and device-based feedback were the two most common strategies used in acute stroke survivors. The impact of these strategies remain suboptimal to be considered as effective intervention methods to enhance physical activity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Complementary and Manual Therapy
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Complementary and alternative medicine