Nonlinear optical properties of zinc oxide thin films

A. Ayana, Neelamma B. Gummagol, Parutagouda Shankaragouda Patil, P. Sharma, B. V. Rajendra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study reports the influence of deposition temperature (573 K-773 K) on the microstructural, linear and nonlinear optical properties of zinc oxide nano thin films synthesized using the chemical spray pyrolysis method. Synthesized films are polycrystalline, exhibiting a dominant (1 0 1) orientation, for which the crystallite size is found to increase with deposition temperature up to 723 K followed by a decrease. Concurrently, the deposit prepared at 723 K showed improved electrical properties, i.e. higher charge carrier concentration and mobility. Optical studies reveal increased transmittance in the visible region and a gradual increase of optical bandgap with deposition temperature. The photoluminescence studies show a near-white light emission for all thin films, however, the density of defect states was comparatively higher for thin films deposited at lower temperatures. A saturable absorption behaviour was observed due to the presence of defects. The thin films show a negative refractive index with self-defocusing phenomena. The total nonlinear susceptibility is found to decrease with increasing deposition temperature, and the solution-processed functional thin films thus have potential implications for nonlinear optical applications such as nonlinear optical switching, optical memory management, and saturable absorbers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110820
JournalOptics and Laser Technology
Publication statusPublished - 08-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Nonlinear optical properties of zinc oxide thin films'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this